There are many Generic Diets that aim to treat various health conditions, this article reviews the benefits and risks of the “FODMAP diet”. In my practice, I often recommend not to follow “Diets” but to individualize diet based on specific complaints, genomics, food reactions/intolerances, nutritional deficiencies and more…

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The Low FODMAP Diet: Many Question Marks for a Catchy Acronym.

Abstract

FODMAP, “Fermentable Oligo-, Di- and Mono-saccharides And Polyols”, is a heterogeneous group of highly fermentable but poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates and polyols. Dietary FODMAPs might exacerbate intestinal symptoms by increasing small intestinal water volume, colonic gas production, and intestinal motility. In recent years the low-FODMAP diet for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has gained increasing popularity. In the present review we aim to summarize the physiological, clinical, and nutritional issues, suggesting caution in the prolonged use of this dietary treatment on the basis of the existing literature. The criteria for inclusion in the FODMAPs list are not fully defined. Although the low-FODMAP diet can have a positive impact on the symptoms of IBS, particularly bloating and diarrhea, the quality of the evidence is lower than optimal, due to frequent methodological flaws, particularly lack of a proper control group and/or lack of blinding. In particular, it remains to be proven whether this regimen is superior to conventional IBS diets. The drastic reduction of FODMAP intake has physiological consequences, e.g., on the intestinal microbiome and colonocyte metabolism, which are still poorly understood. A low-FODMAP diet imposes an important restriction of dietary choices due to the elimination of some staple foods, such as wheat derivatives, lactose-containing dairy products, many vegetables and pulses, and several types of fruits. For this reason, patients may be at risk of reduced intake of fiber, calcium, iron, zinc, folate, B and D vitamins, and natural antioxidants. The nutritional risk of the low-FODMAP diet may be higher in persons with limited access to the expensive, alternative dietary items included in the low-FODMAP diet.

Reference:
Catassi G, Lionetti E, Gatti S, Catassi C. The Low FODMAP Diet: Many Question Marks for a Catchy Acronym. Nutrients. 2017 Mar 16;9(3). pii: E292. doi:10.3390/nu9030292. Review. PubMed PMID: 28300773.

 

About the author: Dr. Mordy Levy

 

Dr. Mordy Levy, ND, DC, HOM, is possibly the only Canadian doctor to have graduated from three first professional doctorates in separate and distinct health care professions: Chiropractic Medicine (DC)-1997, Allopathic Medicine (MD)-2006, Naturopathic Medicine (ND)-2011, graduated Summa Cum Laude, from the prestigious National University of Health Sciences (Chicago, IL) and was the valedictorian of his graduating class. Dr. Levy is a registered member in good standing with three distinct health professions in Ontario, namely the College of Chiropractors of Ontario, the College of Naturopaths of Ontario, in addition to the College of Homeopaths of Ontario. His first undergraduate degree (BSc) was in Biology and Psychology from York University, and his second undergraduate degree (BMSc) was in Human Biology and Biomedical sciences from National University of Health Sciences (Chicago, IL)

Dr. Levy is a professional member of the Institute of Functional Medicine, the Canadian Society of Orthomolecular Medicine, American College of Nutrition, in addition to the Ontario Association of Naturopathic Doctors, the Ontario Chiropractic Association and the Ontario Homeopathic Association. Always an avid lifelong learner, Dr. Levy completed numerous postgraduate certifications in Functional Medicine, Clinical Nutrition, Medical Acupuncture, Homeopathic Medicine, in addition to Prolotherapy regenerative medicine. His clinical interests are in Neurological, Autoimmune and Gastrointestinal Dysfunctions.
Dr. Levy enjoys spending time with his two boys, swimming and reviewing research articles.

Website: http://www.DrLevy.ca